Wilckodontics is a dental procedure that combines orthodontics and periodontal procedures to bring that non-existent or lost beautiful smile on a person’s face. In comparison to traditional orthodontic treatments, the results achieved with Wilckodontics are 3-4 times quicker.
During the 1950s, dentists made use of corticotomy procedures to augment the tooth movement rate. With an oral corticotomy, there are several cuts made in and around the bone of the jaw, which provides the needed support to the teeth. The jaw bone is called alveolar bone and it surrounds the teeth. During the 1990s, Drs. Wilcko, with the help of CT scans, came to a conclusion that accelerated movements in the tooth were caused by a prominent reduction in the Alveolar bone’s mineralization; this movement was usually after corticotomies. In 1995, Drs. Wilcko patented this technique, which was called AOO or Accelerated Osteogenic Orthodontics.
AOO is different from traditional corticotomy; the bone is not cut during the procedure; in fact it gets decorticated. In other words, the external surface of the bone is removed. After this, the bone undergoes a stage called osteopenia, during which the mineral content of the bone is decreased temporarily. The Alveolar bone tissues release calcium deposits and the mineralization process with the new bone begins in 20 to 45 days. Using braces during this stage could be more effective, as the bones are softer during this transient phase and is less resistant to the force exerted by the brace.
Medical research has proved that results derived through AOO or Wilckodontics are permanent, which is quite similar to traditional orthodontic braces. Patients having undergone AOO tend to have more Alveolar bone post the procedure, when compared to the condition before the surgery. This could be really beneficial, especially when there are some facial aesthetics procedures needed to be done in the future.
The treatment time with AOO is quite short. The chances of root resorption after the orthodontics procedure are very little and the likelihood for relapses is also less. With the increase in Alveolar bone, there is better support for the teeth and an improved facial profile. The patient has quite a few options, as he can choose between ceramic, metal, or even gold brackets.
Compared to conventional procedures, AOO is quite expensive. As the procedure is invasive, there are quite a few risks attached as well. The recovery period is usually a week or two, and the patient would have to skip work or school during the recovery period.